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Cerebrovascular Syndromes

Last Updated: September 27, 2018

Table 1: Cerebral Ischemia Syndromes
Resulting symptoms and signs from occlusion of the artery listed in left column
Anterior Cerebral Artery
  • Contralateral sensory neuropathy (preferential lower limb)
  • Contralateral motor neuropathy (preferential lower limb)
  • Bilateral gaze deviation to side of infarction
  • Apraxia (left sided ideomotor)
  • Akinetic mutism
  • Primitive reflexes (grasp, suck)
  • Behavioral abnormalities (apathy)
  • Reduced spontaneous speech
  • Urinary incontinence
Middle Cerebral Artery
  • Contralateral sensory neuropathy (preferential face and upper limb)
  • Contralateral motor neuropathy (preferential face and upper limb)
  • Left hemispheric infarction:
  • Aphasia (motor, sensory, global)
  • Gerstmann syndrome
  • Right hemispheric infarction:
  • Left-sided hemineglect
  • Amusia
  • Prosopagnosia
  • Constructional apraxia
  • Apractognosia
  • Dressing apraxia
  • Atopognosia
  • Asomatognosia
  • Anosognosia
Anterior Choroidal Artery
  • Contralateral sensory neuropathy
  • Contralateral motor neuropathy
  • Homonymous hemianopia
Posterior Cerebral Artery
  • Contralateral homonymous hemianopia/quadrantanopia
  • Alexia without agraphia
  • Memory impairment
  • Choreoathetosis
  • Contralateral hemiballismus
  • Ocul...
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