Vols. Videos

Selection of Surgical Candidates

Last Updated: July 25, 2019


Medical management with anti-epileptic drugs (AEDs) is the first-line intervention for patients with epilepsy. However, 30-40% of patients have seizures that cannot be adequately controlled by AEDs.1 Drug-resistant epilepsy (DRE) is diagnosed when seizures persist after two or more appropriate AED trials.2 DRE is associated with impaired quality of life as well as higher rates of depression, anxiety, suicidality, and long-term mortality.3,4 As a gr...